Spokeshaves

Photos by Rob Brown; Illustration by Len Churchill

Spokeshaves (aka ‘shaves’) come in a multitude of shapes and sizes and are used for rough shaping and smoothing curved surfaces.  They all have two in-line handles and a cutting blade that projects from a short sole to regulate the depth of cut. The depth of cut is regulated by adjusting the height of the blade in relation to the sole. The body can be made of metal, wood or a combination. The sole can be flat, round, concave or convex and the blade can range from about 1″ to 2-3/4″ wide. A standard shave has a blade installed bevel-down at a 30- to 45-degree angle. A low-angle shave has the blade oriented bevel up, set at 20 degrees. Depth of cut is typically controlled by one or two knobs. In use, the spokeshave can be pushed or pulled. Wood body kits are available from Lee Valley and Hock Tools.

Illustrated diagram of Spokeshaves, click to enlarge

Price: $30 – $160

Types: Flat, Round, Concave, Low-Angle, Large, Small

Materials: Aluminum, Bronze, Iron, Stainless Steel, Wood

Get the Most out of Your Spokeshave

Practice

More than hand planes, learning how to efficiently use a shave takes practice. Your aim is to produce long, continuous shavings, not wood chips.

Sharpen the Blade

As with any cutting tool, a dull blade won’t produce a smooth cut. The blade needs to be razor sharp.

Use the Right Stroke

Treat the shave with respect. Hold it between the thumbs and fingers in a light grip. You can push or pull the shave depending on the grain direction of your stock.

Skew it

Shaves are prone to chatter because of their short sole. Whenever possible, skew the tool to help minimize chatter – reducing the blade’s effective cutting angle reduces resistance.

Chose the Right Shave

A flat shave is the choice for edges, bevels, tapers and outside curves, but for round shapes and inside curves, a round shave is a better choice. You’ll get better results and more enjoyment using a shave with the right sole for the task at hand.


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